Haemophilus Influenzae - Diseases on Children


Serious invasive diseases are caused by the Haemophilus influenza particularly in young children. Usually, invasive diseases are caused by an encapsulated strain. Most commonly H. influenza causes infections such as sinus, eye or ear infections and also causes pneumonia. The H. influenza bacteria usually live in upper side of respiratory tract and they are transmitted by a close contact with the infected one. Infection can also be caused by inhaling the droplets present in the atmosphere from a sneeze. Generally, H. influenza is of six types. Naturally-acquired disease, which is caused by the H. influenza bacteria, seems to occur only in humans.

In young children and infants, pneumonia, acute bacterial meningitis and bacteremia are caused by the H. influenza b type bacteria (Hib). Rarely, it causes epiglottitis, osteomyelitis, cellulitis, and joint infections. It has no sexual predilection. But still, women are at danger for tuboovarian abscess, chronic salpingitis and postpartum sepsis caused by NTHi, which affects the genital tract. Among children, this disease has reduced to a level of 1.3/100,000. However, it remains as a main cause of infections in the lower side of respiratory tract in children and infants in some developing countries where the vaccine is not used widely. Unencapsulated type of H. influenza causes infections in ear (conjunctivitis) and eye (otitis media) and causes sinusitis in young children and it is related with the pneumonia. Treatment for the H. influenza depends greatly on the infected area of your body. For this condition, supportive and Antibiotics care are also helpful.

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