Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae
The first step to denial against Haemophilus influenzae infection is giving antibiotics. For the people with only less infection can be given treatment by using oral antibiotics just for 10 – 14 days and they don’t require hospitalisation. For mild contagion the recommended antibiotics are azithromycin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, sulfamethoxazole or trimethoprim and cefuroxim.
Ampicillin and amoxicillin must be applied only if the lab tests confirm their potency. For high infection of Haemophilus influenzae like infection in lungs, brain, bloodstream and bone need endovenous administration of 3rd generation ceftriaxone, cephalosporins and ciprofloxacin or cefotaxime for 10 -14 days. The most common side effects by using these antibiotics include vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. TMP/SMX can cause the rare condition recognized as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, it is characterized by purplish or red skin rash that disperses and blisters, eventually inducing the sinks’ top layer to die.
The use of cephalosporins and fluoroquinolone in compounding with macrolides like erythromycin, or azithromycin are also useful for treating respiratory tract contagion caused by Haemophilus Influenzae. To re-vaccinated individuals oral rifampin of low dosages are prescribed for those who have been exhibited to Haemophilus Influenzae to preclude contagion. Rifampin can raise the metabolic process of oral contraceptives, still and can make tears and urine red or orange and hence, must be used with precaution. Oxygen therapy is frequently given to patients who are having Haemophilus influenzae infections in lungs and bloodstream that induce shortness of breath plus disorientation. These kinds of patients are generally hospitalized. They are given oxygen using a nasal cannula or a simple face mask with concentration higher than the room environment.
Labels: Haemophilus Influenzae